Rabu, 01 Agustus 2012

Belajar 16 Tenses (English)

RUMUS 16 TENSES
Kata Kerja adalah bagian inti dari Tenses Bahasa Inggris. Kata kerja atau Verb ini sering di singkat V saja. Jadi kalau V+ing artinya sama dengan Verb+ing. Kata kerja dalam bahasa Inggris ada banyak bentuknya: V1, V2, V3, V+ing.
Perubahan bentuk Kata Kerja bentuk 1 (V1) ke bentuk ke 2 (V2) dan bentuk ke 3 (V3) ada yang beraturan (ada rumusnya) dan ada juga yang tidak beraturan (tidak ada rumusnya).
Kata Kerja Beraturan (Regular Verb). Artinya ya mempunyai keteraturan bentuknya, ada rumusnya misalnya ditambah “D” atau “ED” seperti: live – lived – lived, play – played - played.
Kata Kerja Tidak Beraturan (Irregular Verb). Misalnya kata kerja “drink” berturut-turut untuk bentuk ke 1 sampai 3: drink – drank - drunk. Satu contoh lain lagi: break – broke – broken.
1.     Present Tense (Waktu Sekarang)
a.     Simple Present Tense (Waktu Sekarang Sederhana)
Rumus :
{ + } S + V1 + O/C
{ - } S + Do/does + not + V1 + O/C
{ ? } Do/does + S + V1 + O/C
Example :
{ + } Rhia reads book everyday
{ - } Rhia does not read book everyday
{ ? } Does Sisca Read book everyday = Yes He does / No He doesn’t
Contoh kalimat :
(+) She is a new people here.
(+) He plays football every morning
(-) She isn’t a new people here.
(-) He does not playing football every morning.
(?) Is she a new people here?
(?) How playing football every morning?

b.     Present Continuous Tense (Waktu Berlangsung Sekarang)
Rumus :
{ + } S + Be + V1 + ing + O/C
{ - } S + Be + not + V1 + ing + O/C
{ ? } Be + S + V1 + ing + O/C
Example :
{ + } They are playing badmintoon now
{ – } They are not playing badmintoon now
{ ? } Are they palaying badmintoon now ? = Yes They are / no they are not
Contoh kalimat :
(+) He is playing badminton now
(-) He isn’t playing badminton now.
(?) Is he playing badminton now.

c.     Present Perfect Tense (Waktu Sempurna Sekarang)
Rumus :
{ + } S + have/has + V3
{ - } S + have/sas Not + V3
{ ? } Have/has + S + V3
Contoh kalimat :
(+) you have eaten mine                                    (?) have you finished?
(-) she has not been to Rome
d.     Present Perfect Continuous Tense (Waktu Berlangsung Sempurna Sekarang)
Rumus :
(+) S + have/has + been + Ving
(-) S + have/has + not + been + Ving
(?) Have/has + S + been + Ving
Contoh kalimat :
(+) She has been going to Malang since evening.
(+) We have been riding a horse for three days
(-) She hasn’t been going to Malang since evening.
(-) We haven’t been riding a horse for three days.
(?) Has she been going to Malang ?
(?) Have He been riding a horse for three days ?

2.     Past Tense (Waktu Lampau)
a.     Simple Past Tense (Waktu Lampau Sederhana)
Rumus :
{ + } S + Be + Was / Were + O / C
{ - } S + Be + Was / Were + not + O / C
{ ? } Be + Was / Were + S + O / C
Example :
{ + } We were at school yesterday
{ - } We were not at school yesterday
{ ? } were we at school yesterday ?
Contoh :
(+) I saw a good film last night
(+) He came here last month
(-) I saw not a good film last night
(-) He came not last month
(?) Saw I a good film last night
(?) Came He here last month

b.     Past Continuous Tense (Waktu Berlangsung Lampau)
Rumus :
(+): S + was/were + Ving
(-): S + was/were + NOT + Ving
(?): Was/Were + S + Ving
Contoh :
(+) He was watching television all afternoon last week
(+) They were talking about sport when I met him
(-) He wasn’t watching television all afternoon last week
(-) They weren’t talking about sport when I met him
(?) Was He watching television all afternoon last week
(?) Were they talking about sport when I met him

c.     Past Perfect Tense (Waktu Sempurna Lampau)
Rumus :
(+) S + had + V3
(-) S + had + not + V3
(?) S + had + S + V3
Contoh :
(+) When my brother arrived , I had painted my motor cycle
(+) The ship had left before I arrived
(-) When my brother arrived , I hadn’t painted my motor cycle
(-) The ship hadn’t left before I arrived
(?) Had I my motor cycle , when my brother arrived ?
(?) Had the ship left before I arrived?

d.     Past Perfect Continuous Tense (Waktu Berlangsung Sempurna Lampau)
Rumus :
{ + } S + had + been + Ving
{ - } S + had + not + been + Ving
{ ? } Had + S + been + Ving
Contoh :
(+) They had been living there for two month
(+) When they washed my drees , your father had been playing badminton
(-) They hadn’t been living there for two month
(-) When they washed my dress , your father hadn’t been playing badminton
(?) Had they been living there for two month?
(?) When they washed my dress , had your father been playing badminton ?

3.     Future Tense (Akan Datang)
a.     Simple Future Tense (Waktu Akan Datang Sederhana)
Rumus :
{ + } S + will + V1
{ - } S + will + not + V1
{ ? } Will + S + V1
Contoh :
(+) I will visit to yogyakarta tomorrow.
(+) he will met girl friend by seven o’clock
(?) Will he go to America next month?
(+) President shall at Nederland the day after tomorrow.
(-) President shall not at Nederland the day after tomorrow.
(?) Shall President at Nederland the day after tomorrow?

b.     Future Continuous Tense (Waktu Berlangsung Akan Datang)
Rumus :
{ + } S + will + be + Ving
{ - } S + will not + be + Ving
{ ? } Will + S + be + Ving
Contoh :
(+) I will be writing a comic.
(+) I will be studying tomorrow night.
(-) I will not writing a comic.
(-) I will not be studying tomorrow night.
(?) Will I be writing a comic ?
(?) Will I be studying tomorrow night ?

c.     Future Perfect Tense (Waktu Sempurna Akan Datang)
Rumus :
{ + } S + will + have + V3
{ - } S + will + not + have + V3
{ ? } Will + S + have + V3
Contoh :
(+) Iwill havefinishedby 10am.
(+) Youwill haveforgottenme by then.
(-) Shewillnothavegoneto school.
(-) Wewillnothaveleft.
(?) Willyou havearrived?
(?) Willthey havereceivedit?

d.     Future Perfect Continuous Tense (Waktu Berlangsung Sempurna Akan Datang)
Rumus :
{ + } S + will + have + been + Ving           { - } S + will + not + have + been + Ving
{ ? } Will + S + have + been + Ving.
Contoh :
(-) I will haven’t been reading a news paper.
(-) He will haven’t listening a music.
(?) Will I have been riding a news paper ?
(?) Will He have listening a music ?

4.     Past Future Tense (Akan Datang Di Waktu Lampau)
a.     Past Future Tense (Waktu Akan Datang Di Waktu Lampau)
Rumus :
{ + } S + would + V1
{ - } S + would + not + V1
{ ? }Would + S + V1
Contoh :
(+) He would come if you invited him.
(+) They would buy a home the previous day.
(-) He wouldn’t come if invited him.
(-) They wouldn’t buy a home the previous day.
(?) Would He come if invited him ?
(?) Would they buy a home the previous day ?

b.     Past Future Continuous Tense (Waktu Akan Sedang Terjadi Diwaktu Lampau)
Rumus :
{ + } S + would + be + Ving
{ - } S + would + not + be + Ving
{ ? } Would + S + be + Ving
Contoh :
(+) I should be swimming at this time the following day.
(+) I shall be sliping at 10 o’clock tomorrow.
(-) I shouldn’t be swimming at this time the following day.
(-) I shalln’t be sleeping at 10 o’clock tomorrow.
(?) Shall I be swimming at this time the following day ?
(?) Shall I be sleeping at10 o’clock tomorrow ?

c.     Past Future Perfect Tense (Waktu Akan Sudah Selesai Di Waktu Lampau)
Rumus :
{ + } S + would + have + V3
{ - } S + would + not + have + V3
{ ? } Would + S + have + V3
Contoh :
(+) He would have graduated if he had studies hard.
(+) Rhia will have studied moth by the end of this week.
(-) He wouldn’t have gone if he had met his darling
(-) Rhia will have not studied month by the end of this week
(?) Would He have gone if he had met his darling ?
(?) Will Nonok have studied month by the end of this week ?

d.     Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense (Waktu Yang Sudah Sedang Berlangsung Pada Waktu Lampau)
Rumus :
{ + } S + would + have + been + Ving
{ - } S + would + not + have + been + Ving
{ ? } Would + S + have + been + Ving
Contoh :
(+) Mrs. Anisa Munif would have been walking here for seventeen years
(+) Rianawati would have been speaking English for two years
(-) Mrs. Anisa Munif wouldn’t have been walking here for seventeen year
(-) Rianawati wouldn’t have been speaking English for two years
(?) Would Mrs. Anisa Munif have been walking here for seventeen years?
(?) Would Rianawati have been speaking English for two years?



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